The Taj Mahal, located in Agra, India, is one of the world's most famous and recognizable monuments. It was built in the 17th century as a tomb for the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan's favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal, and is considered one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture. The Taj Mahal is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a source of national pride for India.
History of Taj Mahal:
The Mughal Empire, which ruled India from the 16th to the 19th century, had a profound impact on Indian art, culture, and architecture. The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died during childbirth. The construction of the Taj Mahal took over 20 years and involved thousands of workers and artisans. When completed, it became a symbol of the emperor's love for his wife and remains so to this day.
The architecture of the Taj Mahal:
The Taj Mahal is known for its stunning beauty, which is achieved through its intricate design and use of white marble. The monument features several key elements, including minarets, domes, arches, and calligraphy, which are all adorned with precious stones and elaborate carvings. The architecture of the Taj Mahal has had a lasting impact on later generations and remains a popular subject for architects and designers.
Facts about the Taj Mahal:
The Taj Mahal is not only famous for its beauty, but also for its impressive size and measurements. It stands at an imposing height of 73 meters and covers an area of 56,000 square meters. It is estimated that over 20,000 workers were involved in its construction, using materials such as white marble, precious stones, and gold. The cost of construction is estimated to be around 32 million rupees, which is equivalent to over 1 billion rupees in today's currency.
Visiting Taj Mahal:
The Taj Mahal is located in Agra, India and is easily accessible by road, train, and air. The best time to visit is during the cooler months of October to March when the weather is mild and the crowds are smaller. A ticket to enter the Taj Mahal costs around 1500 rupees for foreign visitors, while Indian citizens pay a smaller fee. Guided tours are also available, offering visitors a more in-depth experience of the monument and its history.
The Taj Mahal is a true masterpiece of architecture and a symbol of love that continues to captivate visitors from around the world. It is a must-see for anyone travelling to India and offers a unique glimpse into the rich history and culture of the Mughal Empire. Whether you're an architecture enthusiast or just admire stunning beauty, a visit to the Taj Mahal is an experience you will never forget.