select_related and prefetch_related in Django

Jan. 9, 2023


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In Django select_related and prefetch_related are Django ORM (Object-Relational Mapper) functions that allow you to retrieve related objects of a model in a single database query. This can improve the performance of your Django application by reducing the number of database queries that are needed to render a webpage.

select_related is used to retrieve all the related objects of a model in a single database query. For example, if you have a model Person that has a ForeignKey field to a Country model, you can use select_related to retrieve all the Person objects and their corresponding Country objects in a single database query:

people = Person.objects.select_related('country').all()

prefetch_related is similar to select_related, but it is used to retrieve related objects of a model that has a ManyToManyField or a OneToOneField. It works by creating a separate database query for each ManyToManyField or OneToOneField of the model. For example, if you have a model Book that has a ManyToManyField to an Author model, you can use prefetch_related to retrieve all the Book objects and their corresponding Author objects in a single database query:

books = Book.objects.prefetch_related('authors').all()

Both select_related and prefetch_related can improve the performance of your Django application by reducing the number of database queries that are needed to render a webpage. However, they can also increase the memory usage of your application, as they retrieve all the related objects in a single query, so it is important to use them wisely.

django select_related prefetch_related Appreciate you stopping by my post! 😊

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Abdulla Fajal

Django Developer

With 'espere.in' under my care, I, Abdulla Fajal, graciously invite your insights and suggestions, as we endeavour to craft an exquisite online experience together.